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Based on the lectures in previous class sessions, explain the push and pull factors that brought the Chinese to America.Identify specific sections in the document to explain the specific kind of discrimination placed upon the Chinese. You have to use specific quotes and explain what it means and how it is discriminatory.Based on what you understand in the document, explain some of the practices still used on different groups of immigrants in America today. What are the similarities and differences in what had happened to the Chinese and the present situation?What could be done today to make changes to what had happened to the past? To what extent must the dominant group make amends for what had happened and the victims remember the past and move on?
chinese_exclusion_act.doc

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Chinese Exclusion Act
Forty-Seventh Congress. Session I. 1882
Chapter 126.-An act to execute certain treaty
stipulations relating to Chinese.
Preamble. Whereas, in the opinion of the
Government of the United States the coming of
Chinese laborers to this country endangers the good
order of certain localities within the territory thereof:
Therefore,
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of America in
Congress assembled, That from and after the
expiration of ninety days next after the passage of
this act, and until the expiration of ten years next
after the passage of this act, the coming of Chinese
laborers to the United States be, and the same is
hereby, suspended; and during such suspension it
shall not be lawful for any Chinese laborer to come,
or, having so come after the expiration of said ninety
days, to remain within the United States.
SEC. 2. That the master of any vessel who shall
knowingly bring within the United States on such
vessel, and land or permit to be landed, and Chinese
laborer, from any foreign port of place, shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction
thereof shall be punished by a fine of not more than
five hundred dollars for each and every such Chinese
laborer so brought, and may be also imprisoned for a
term not exceeding one year.
SEC. 3. That the two foregoing sections shall not
apply to Chinese laborers who were in the United
States on the seventeenth day of November, eighteen
hundred and eighty, or who shall have come into the
same before the expiration of ninety days next after
the passage of this act, and who shall produce to such
master before going on board such vessel, and shall
produce to the collector of the port in the United
States at which such vessel shall arrive, the evidence
hereinafter in this act required of his being one of the
laborers in this section mentioned; nor shall the two
foregoing sections apply to the case of any master
whose vessel, being bound to a port not within the
United States by reason of being in distress or in
stress of weather, or touching at any port of the
United States on its voyage to any foreign port of
place: Provided, That all Chinese laborers brought on
such vessel shall depart with the vessel on leaving
port.
SEC. 4. That for the purpose of properly indentifying
Chinese laborers who were in the United States on
the seventeenth day of November, eighteen hundred
and eighty, or who shall have come into the same
before the expiration of ninety days next after the
passage of this act, and in order to furnish them with
the proper evidence of their right to go from and
come to the United States of their free will and
accord, as provided by the treaty between the United
States and China dated November seventeenth,
eighteen hundred and eighty, the collector of customs
of the district from which any such Chinese laborer
shall depart from the United States shall, in person or
by deputy, go on board each vessel having on board
any such Chinese laborer and cleared or about to sail
from his district for a foreign port, and on such vessel
make a list of all such Chinese laborers, which shall
be entered in registry-books to be kept for that
purpose, in which shall be stated the name, age,
occupation, last place of residence, physical marks or
peculiarities, and all facts necessary for the
indentification of each of such Chinese laborers,
which books shall be safely kept in the customhouse; and every such Chinese laborer so departing
from the United States shall be entitled to, and shall
receive, free of any charge or cost upon application
therefor, from the collector or his deputy, at the time
such list is taken, a certificate, signed by the collector
or his deputy and attested by his seal of office, in
such form as the Secretary of the Treasury shall
prescribe, which certificate shall contain a statement
of the name, age, occupation, last place of residence,
personal description, and fact of identification of the
Chinese laborer to whom the certificate is issued,
corresponding with the said list and registry in all
particulars. In case any Chinese laborer after having
received such certificate shall leave such vessel
before her departure he shall deliver his certificate to
the master of the vessel, and if such Chinese laborer
shall fail to return to such vessel before her departure
from port the certificate shall be delivered by the
master to the collector of customs for cancellation.
The certificate herein provided for shall entitle the
Chinese laborer to whom the same is issued to return
to and re-enter the United States upon producing and
delivering the same to the collector of customs of the
district at which such Chinese laborer shall seek to
re-enter; and upon delivery of such certificate by
such Chinese laborer to the collector of customs at
the time of re-entry in the United States, said
collector shall cause the same to be filed in the
custom house and duly canceled.
SEC. 5. That any Chinese laborer mentioned in
section four of this act being in the United States, and
desiring to depart from the United States by land,
shall have the right to demand and receive, free of
charge or cost, a certificate of indentification similar
to that provided for in section four of this act to be
issued to such Chinese laborers as may desire to
leave the United States by water; and it is hereby
made the duty of the collector of customs of the
district next adjoining the foreign country to which
said Chinese laborer desires to go to issue such
certificate, free of charge or cost, upon application by
such Chinese laborer, and to enter the same upon
registry-books to be kept by him for the purpose, as
provided for in section four of this act.
SEC. 6. That in order to the faithful execution of
articles one and two of the treaty in this act before
mentioned, every Chinese person other than a laborer
who may be entitled by said treaty and this act to
come within the United States, and who shall be
about to come to the United States, shall be identified
as so entitled by the Chinese Government in each
case, such identity to be evidenced by a certificate
issued under the authority of said government, which
certificate shall be in the English language or (if not
in the English language) accompanied by a
translation into English, stating such right to come,
and which certificate shall state the name, title, or
official rank, if any, the age, height, and all physical
peculiarities, former and present occupation or
profession, and place of residence in China of the
person to whom the certificate is issued and that such
person is entitled conformably to the treaty in this act
mentioned to come within the United States. Such
certificate shall be prima-facie evidence of the fact
set forth therein, and shall be produced to the
collector of customs, or his deputy, of the port in the
district in the United States at which the person
named therein shall arrive.
SEC. 7. That any person who shall knowingly and
falsely alter or substitute any name for the name
written in such certificate or forge any such
certificate, or knowingly utter any forged or
fraudulent certificate, or falsely personate any person
named in any such certificate, shall be deemed guilty
of a misdemeanor; and upon conviction thereof shall
be fined in a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars,
an imprisoned in a penitentiary for a term of not more
than five years.
SEC. 8. That the master of any vessel arriving in the
United States from any foreign port or place shall, at
the same time he delivers a manifest of the cargo, and
if there be no cargo, then at the time of making a
report of the entry of vessel pursuant to the law, in
addition to the other matter required to be reported,
and before landing, or permitting to land, any
Chinese passengers, deliver and report to the
collector of customs of the district in which such
vessels shall have arrived a separate list of all
Chinese passengers taken on board his vessel at any
foreign port or place, and all such passengers on
board the vessel at that time. Such list shall show the
names of such passengers (and if accredited officers
of the Chinese Government traveling on the business
of that government, or their servants, with a note of
such facts), and the name and other particulars, as
shown by their respective certificates; and such list
shall be sworn to by the master in the manner
required by law in relation to the manifest of the
cargo. Any willful refusal or neglect of any such
master to comply with the provisions of this section
shall incur the same penalties and forfeiture as are
provided for a refusal or neglect to report and deliver
a manifest of cargo.
SEC. 9. That before any Chinese passengers are
landed from any such vessel, the collector, or his
deputy, shall proceed to examine such passengers,
comparing the certificates with the list and with the
passengers; and no passenger shall be allowed to land
in the United States from such vessel in violation of
law.
SEC. 10. That every vessel whose master shall
knowingly violate any of the provisions of this act
shall be deemed forfeited to the United States, and
shall be liable to seizure and condemnation on any
district of the United States into which such vessel
may enter or in which she may be found.
SEC. 11. That any person who shall knowingly bring
into or cause to be brought into the United States by
land, or who shall knowingly aid or abet the same, or
aid or abet the landing in the United States from any
vessel of any Chinese person not lawfully entitled to
enter the United States, shall be deemed guilty of a
misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, be
fined in a sum not exceeding one thousand dollars,
and imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year.
SEC. 12. That no Chinese person shall be permitted
to enter the United States by land without producing
to the proper officer of customs the certificate in this
act required of Chinese persons seeking to land from
a vessel. And any Chinese person found unlawfully
within the United States shall be caused to be
removed therefrom to the country from whence he
came, by direction of the United States, after being
brought before some justice, judge, or commissioner
of a court of the United States and found to be one
not lawfully entitled to be or remain in the United
States.
SEC. 13. That this act shall not apply to diplomatic
and other officers of the Chinese Government
traveling upon the business of that government,
whose credentials shall be taken as equivalent to the
certificate in this act mentioned, and shall exempt
them and their body and household servants from the
provisions of this act as to other Chinese persons.
SEC. 14. That hereafter no State court or court of the
United States shall admit Chinese to citizenship; and
all laws in conflict with this act are hereby repealed.
SEC. 15. That the words “Chinese laborers”,
whenever used in this act, shall be construed to mean
both skilled and unskilled laborers and Chinese
employed in mining.
Approved, May 6, 1882.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Exclusion_Act
unfair / terrible / wrong / discriminating / ridiculous /
filled with hatred / unconstitutional / prejudice / racist /
oppressing / crime / disappointing / exploitation /
immoral / bias / insane / garbage / inhumane / repulsive
/ disheartening / annoying / revolting / degrading /
villainous / brutal / bizarre / offensive / idiotic / tricky /
appalling /
Use one of these words as an adjective for the Chinese
Exclusion Act
For example—The insane suggestion of The Chinese
Exclusion Act …

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