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Add one comprehensive introduction and one comprehensive conclusion base on the paper in the file. It should be academically and clearly. The instruction for the whole essay:This is your essay question. It summarizes what you learned in this course. Use APA format.Essay QuestionThrough GEO class materials to write an essay about global forces and local diversity in Chicago. Chicago, on Lake Michigan in Illinois, is among the largest cities in the U.S. What are FOUR of the most important concepts you learned in the class that best help you better understand this place or region? Why is this place and these concepts important to you? How do these concepts help you understand the place? How are the global processes connected to this local place?Four elements: globalization, industrialization, gentrification, and ethnicity.
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Running head: GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
Global Forces And Local Diversity In Chicago
1
GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
2
Global Forces And Local Diversity In Chicago
Introduction
The city of Chicago is one among the largest cities in the U.S with well-diversified
and distinctive geography. It is located in Illinois where is in the Midwest of the United
States. I am an international student from China and have visited Chicago for 5 times. This
article mainly analyzes four important concepts in Chicago which are globalization,
industrialization, gentrification, and ethnicity.
Globalization in Chicago
The first concept one can use to understand this region is globalization. Globalization
is the process by which businesses and institutions develop international interaction and
integration through the spread of products, technology among others across national borders
and cultures. It enhances the sense of togetherness and promoting cultural identity. In the
new era of globalization, cultural identity has imparted the global significance of local
knowledge making people develop a sense of unity. Chicago’s economy is hugely driven by
globalization with inter-competition between the members of the communities. Many
telecommunication companies are investing in the city creating an expansion parade for the
communities. According to Canon’s (2009) research, factories in Chicago have recorded an
increase in employment by 36% translating to more than 200,000 jobs since 1985 (Canon,
2009). Due to this increment of labor, productivity has risen by 50%, hence promoting the
economy of this area. Due to the influx of people, there is a significant drop in market share
in transportation, wholesale trade and warehousing.
Industrialization in Chicago
Also, another concept that impacts local diversity is industrialization. Industrialization
is the development of industries in a region on a full scale. Indigenous tribes are affected by
industrialization causing a conflict of interest between practices of a cultural community and
GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
3
the government. For decades, the city of Chicago has experienced dozens of industries
established which result in an influx of people from the suburbs seeking employment. People
from different backgrounds meet in the city which translates to exchange in various cultural
values. Industrialization transformed the landscape, economy and international reputation of
the town by the late 19th century. Industries were decentralized to the suburban green fields
decongesting the city and allow people in the neighborhood access employment. The city has
a fascinating mixture of cultures, creativity, new buildings, stable economy and dichotomy
between the wealthy and the poor continue to define the life of Chicago.
Gentrification in Chicago
Besides, the local diversity of Chicago is affected by gentrification. This is the
process of renovating deteriorated urban structures so that it conforms to the middle-class
taste. Gentrification has been a significant concern between residents of minority
neighborhood who believe that invasion of new residents destabilizes their communities and
gentrifies who claim to improve the living standards of the region. The factors used to
measure the rate of gentrification are the number of residents with a bachelor’s degree, racial
composition, median household income and the presence of coffee shops. Base on Hwang’s
(2014) research, gentrification debate in Chicago has been associated with the indigenous
Latino and black neighborhood (Hwang, 2014). There are positive impacts of gentrification
such as proximity to the city center, ethnographic and racial composition, and older houses
are available for cheaper rent. However, there is an increased crime; low rate turns out in
schools and demolition of public houses for low-income earners.
Ethnicity in Chicago
Ethnicity is also an important concept which can show the urban ethnicity in Chicago.
Therefore, the fourth concept that contributes to local diversity is ethnicity. Canon(2009)
shows the research of census which conducted in 2010, found that the population of Chicago
GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
4
is divided by 45.3% white, 32% black, 5% Asians and 3% from other races (Canon, 2009).
With such various ethnic enclaves, as we can see, ethnicity is a notable elements in Chicago
local geography. Due to these mixed ethnicity, there is diversification of cultures, different
types of foods and multiple investment opportunities. While I visited the city of Chicago, it
can be seen that different ethnic and cultures exist in the streets. One of the reflects of
ethnicity is various urban landscapes. The city boasts of several unique businesses like Greek
museum, Italian restaurants and Chinese tea shops and herbalists.
Concoulsion
References
Cannon, W. F., & Horton, J. D. (2009). Soil geochemical signature of urbanization and
industrialization–Chicago, Illinois, USA. Applied Geochemistry, 24(8), 1590-1601.
Hwang, J., & Sampson, R. J. (2014). Divergent pathways of gentrification: Racial inequality
and the social order of renewal in Chicago neighborhoods. American Sociological
Review, 79(4), 726-751.
Rubenstein, J. M. (2017). The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography.
Pearson.
Running head: GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
Global Forces And Local Diversity In Chicago
1
GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
2
Global Forces And Local Diversity In Chicago
Introduction
Globalization in Chicago
The first concept one can use to understand this region is globalization. Globalization
is the process by which businesses and institutions develop international interaction and
integration through the spread of products, technology among others across national borders
and cultures. It enhances the sense of togetherness and promoting cultural identity. In the
new era of globalization, cultural identity has imparted the global significance of local
knowledge making people develop a sense of unity. Chicago’s economy is hugely driven by
globalization with inter-competition between the members of the communities. Many
telecommunication companies are investing in the city creating an expansion parade for the
communities. According to Canon’s (2009) research, factories in Chicago have recorded an
increase in employment by 36% translating to more than 200,000 jobs since 1985 (Canon,
2009).
Industrialization in Chicago
Also, another concept that impacts local diversity is industrialization. Industrialization
is the development of industries in a region on a full scale. Indigenous tribes are affected by
industrialization causing a conflict of interest between practices of a cultural community and
the government. For decades, the city of Chicago has experienced dozens of industries
established which result in an influx of people from the suburbs seeking employment. People
from different backgrounds meet in the city which translates to exchange in various cultural
values. Industrialization transformed the landscape, economy and international reputation of
the town by the late 19th century.
Gentrification in Chicago
GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
3
Besides, the local diversity of Chicago is affected by gentrification. This is the
process of renovating deteriorated urban structures so that it conforms to the middle-class
taste. Gentrification has been a significant concern between residents of minority
neighborhood who believe that invasion of new residents destabilizes their communities and
gentrifies who claim to improve the living standards of the region. The factors used to
measure the rate of gentrification are the number of residents with a bachelor’s degree, racial
composition, median household income and the presence of coffee shops. Base on Hwang’s
(2014) research, gentrification debate in Chicago has been associated with the indigenous
Latino and black neighborhood (Hwang, 2014).
Ethnicity in Chicago
Ethnicity is also an important concept which can show the urban ethnicity in Chicago.
Therefore, the fourth concept that contributes to local diversity is ethnicity. Canon(2009)
shows the research of census which conducted in 2010, found that the population of Chicago
is divided by 45.3% white, 32% black, 5% Asians and 3% from other races (Canon, 2009).
With such various ethnic enclaves, as we can see, ethnicity is a notable elements in Chicago
local geography. Due to these mixed ethnicity, there is diversification of cultures, different
types of foods and multiple investment opportunities. While I visited the city of Chicago, it
can be seen that different ethnic and cultures exist in the streets. One of the reflects of
ethnicity is various urban landscapes. The city boasts of several unique businesses like Greek
museum, Italian restaurants and Chinese tea shops and herbalists.
Concoulsion
GLOBAL FORCES AND LOCAL DIVERSITY IN CHICAGO
References
Cannon, W. F., & Horton, J. D. (2009). Soil geochemical signature of urbanization and
industrialization–Chicago, Illinois, USA. Applied Geochemistry, 24(8), 1590-1601.
Hwang, J., & Sampson, R. J. (2014). Divergent pathways of gentrification: Racial inequality
and the social order of renewal in Chicago neighborhoods. American Sociological
Review, 79(4), 726-751.
Rubenstein, J. M. (2017). The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography.
Pearson.
4

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