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Background PaperThis week, you will summarize the key background information needed to define the problem in detail, including why it is a problem, the main causes of the problem, the severity of the problem, who is affected by the problem, and previous attempts to solve the problem.For this assignment:
Gather the key background information on the specific problem you described in your last week’s problem statement to further examine and better understand the gap you identified in Week 2 (ATTACHED)
Recall the following example:

Recently, nail salons have been the focus of worker safety initiatives because they use hazardous chemicals such as methacrylates, acetates, toluene, and formaldehydes. Are consumers adequately protected from hazardous chemicals when they receive services in the nail salons?
The background information to be gathered for the above example would include the key types of information needed by a reader to understand the problem statement, which include the following:

The main health hazards of the chemicals listed
Chemical exposure levels in nail salons
The types of worker safety initiatives in progress and information on the groups or agencies that are undertaking these initiatives
Differences in exposure levels when salon workers and salon patrons are compared (average duration of exposure is an important component of this)
Identification of any vulnerable populations of consumers, such as pregnant women

Write a 3 to 5-page background paper in a Microsoft Word document addressing the following:

Begin by stating the 2- to 3-sentence problem statement that you submitted in Week 2.
Provide, in a succinct manner, the key types of information needed by a reader to understand what the problem is and why it is a problem. This includes information such as how big the problem is, who is affected, and the time trends in the problem.
Provide factual information needed to understand the problem at the local, national, and global level (background). Include disparities (disadvantaged populations that are disproportionately affected by the problem or vulnerable populations).
Include appropriate statistics to document the extent of the problem, medical definitions of pertinent health problems or diseases, pollutant sources, and toxicity profiles of chemicals as indicated.
Be sure to provide enough information for the reader to fully understand the question you posed in your problem statement.
End the paper with a transitional statement that leads toward (but not yet discussed) the topics of Weeks 4 and 5, namely, the landscape and the stakeholders involved in the problem and the range of options available to address the problem.
su_phe5010_w2_a2_patricks.doc

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Running Head: SULFUR DIOXIDE AND ENVIRONMENT
Sulfur Dioxide and Environment
Scott Patrick
South University
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SULFUR DIOXIDE AND ENVIRONMENT
Sulfur Dioxide and Environment
Problem statement
The sulfur dioxide has been on the rise in the environment. The combination of sulfur
dioxide with water leads to the formation of sulfuric acid, which might expose the
environment to various risks. The major route of sulfur dioxide can be through inhalation.
There is great exposure of people towards the use of sulfur dioxide. The source of the sulfur
dioxide can be from human sources through an industrial activity that process materials
containing sulfur (Yang et al., 2016). The sources can be through the generation of electricity
from coal, oil, or gas containing sulfur gas. Other minerals contain sulfur such as fossil fuel.
Other sources are motor vehicle emissions that emerge from fuel combustion. The increased
sources of sulfur are making the gas content to be high.
The problem that is existing in the environment due to the increased amount of sulfur
is the harm it is causing to the health of the people. Most of the people are suffering from
diseases that can be associated with the inhalation of sulfur. The sulfur dioxide affects human
health since it irritates the nose, throat, and causes coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath.
The sulfur dioxide causes serious diseases to the health of the people and mostly to the people
who have asthma or have similar conditions (Goudarzi et al., 2016). The health conditions of
the people are that they are not able to manage them when there are increased cases of asthma
exposure. There is the various classification of atmospheric pollutants and pollutants that are
in exposure in the environment. The health of the individual should be profound and should
be secured to ensure that people are limited to such exposures.
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SULFUR DIOXIDE AND ENVIRONMENT
The problem, in this case, is that most of the people who are exposed to healthcare
issues due to the exposure to sulfur dioxide gas are experiencing hard times when trying to get
medication. There has been an outcry that seeks for minimal release of sulfur dioxide gas in
the environment. The gas production needs to be minimized to manageable ratios that will not
expose the people to such problem issues (Goudarzi et al., 2016). It is necessary to ensure that
the environment is protected and that the gas does not cause the highest range of harmful
effects on human beings and the environment.
There is a gap that has existed concerning the exposure of sulfur to the environment.
There are no established ways to manage the production of sulfur dioxide gas. No research
has been conducted related to the ways that can be implemented to ensure that there is a
reduction of the sulfur dioxide gas production to the environment. It is the responsibility of
various stakeholders to ensure that they are well versed with what is needed from them to
protect the environment and to offer an environment that is secure from pollution (McLinden
et al., 2016). The people who are exposed to an environment that has been polluted with
various gases need to get the right medication. However, the right medication is not the only
way that can be applied to solve such a problem.
The industries that engage in the production of such gases must be at the forefront to
ensure that they work towards solving the situation. The industries management must work
towards making the environment clean and compensating those who are affected during such
instances for those who are employed in such industries (Yang et al., 2016). However, there
are situations in which human beings cannot have control over the production of such gases.
Such situations are when the gas is produced through natural ways such as volcanic eruption
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SULFUR DIOXIDE AND ENVIRONMENT
from mountains. People who have asthma and other lungs problem should be protected from
the exposure of such gases to limit the chances of getting complicated disease issues. The
exposure of such individuals to sulfur dioxide advances in such cases.
Therefore, such a gap in the research and production of the sulfuric gas can only be
eliminated if the right information is sought. There is a need to understand how such people
who are affected by such diseases can be treated. Such diseases need to be treated at early
stages once the effects of the gas begin to be witnessed in the bodies of such individuals
(Kanaroglou et al., 2013). The healthcare practitioners need to alert people on the effects of
exposing themselves to the sulfur dioxide gases.
Questions regarding the gap.
Some questions need to be answered regarding the existence of sulfuric dioxide in the
environment. What is the best way to minimize the production of sulfuric dioxide gas? What
is the best treatment that is recommended for diseases caused by sulfuric dioxide? What is the
best way that industries can engage in eliminating the issue of harmful effects of sulfur
dioxide gas? Such issues should be resolved to ensure that people live a life that is free from
pollutants, and that can only be achieved through utilizing the existing knowledge or
conducting new research regarding the issue.
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SULFUR DIOXIDE AND ENVIRONMENT
References
Goudarzi, G., Geravandi, S., Idani, E., Hosseini, S. A., Baneshi, M. M., Yari, A. R., … &
Ghomeishi, A. (2016). An evaluation of hospital admission respiratory disease
attributed
to sulfur dioxide ambient concentration in Ahvaz from 2011 through
2013. Environmental science and pollution research, 23(21), 22001-22007.
Kanaroglou, P. S., Adams, M. D., De Luca, P. F., Corr, D., & Sohel, N. (2013). Estimation of
sulfur dioxide air pollution concentrations with a spatial autoregressive
model. Atmospheric Environment, 79, 421-427.
McLinden, C. A., Fioletov, V., Shephard, M. W., Krotkov, N., Li, C., Martin, R. V., … &
Joiner, J. (2016). Space-based detection of missing sulfur dioxide sources of global air
pollution. Nature Geoscience, 9(7), 496.
Yang, Q., Meng, R. S., Jiang, J. K., Liang, Q. H., Tan, C. J., Cai, M., … & Chen, X. P. (2016).
First-principles study of sulfur dioxide sensor based on phosphorenes. IEEE Electron
Device Letters, 37(5), 660-662.
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