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Background: Research collection is essential for a good research project! You need to look at a large variety of texts to see the different perspectives, biases, philosophical lenses, and ideas connected to your research topic. Task: Step 1: For this essay, you will collect 16 sources about your topic and construct a source list.2 Primary Sources4 Scholarly Journal Articles (Go to Ebscohost or other library databases)2 Newspaper or magazine2 Data-driven/based sources e.g. stats or surveys 2 Web-based Sources2 Book or e-book2 Choice Sources Step 2: You will write an MLA Works Cited for each source.Step 3: You will discover the reading or audience level of each source. Step 4: You will complete a CARS Checklist assessment for each source. Step 5: Identify the source’s argument Step 6: Include a note about any bias or philosophical perspectives the source expresses.Step 7: Compile all this info into a Source List essay that is Alphabetically organized by the MLA Citations and contains all the parts for each source. Due Dates: Compile your 16 sources by Sunday of Week 5 (YOU WILL NOT TURN THIS IN)Complete Assessments of 16 Sources by Wednesday of week 6 (YOU WILL NOT TURN THIS IN)Write Essay #2 by Sunday of Week 6 Turn in Essay #2 on Canvas by Sunday of Week 6Connection to Research Project: You will pick 8 sources from this source list that you will analyze in your annotated bibliography and use in your research project. The Format for Each Entry: Work CitedReading Level/Audience Level CARS Checklist ScoreSource’s ArgumentNote: about any bias or philosophical perspectives the source expresses.Just find the 16 sources based on my “essay #1 proposal” belowHere are two samples, “source list” and “source list Liu”.
essay__1_proposal_.docx

source_list.pdf

source_list_liu.docx

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MA 1
Yiyuan Ma
Amy Leonard
EWRT 2
De Anza College
May 4, 2019
Essay #1 Proposal
Fears and isolation
Introduction:
The existence of fear that is haunting the life of its possessor is a common problem in
society. Individuals are full of fear about their future and the wellbeing of those that they love. It
is uncommon to have a society where individuals are living in the absence of fear. The movie the
monsters is an illustration of the fear of human being possess when the lives of those they love
are in danger. Moreover, individuals are inclined to alienate from the people they love due to fear
of hurting them. Behaviors of an individual depict the type of a person. In the film, Kathy, a
drunkard, and abusive parents are worried about the safety of her daughter. Kathy is determined
to drive her daughter to the father’s place, away from her since she cares about her safety.
Understanding the influence of fear in our lives is essential to our wellbeing. This research
project will provide an overview of how fear is portrayed in the film and how it relates to our
lives. In addition, it will provide consequences associated with the feeling of fear as highlighted
in the film (Annas & Elias. Pp. 98-101)
Issue:
The ability to control our fears is a growing topic. The contemporary society is chained in
a series of problems that invite fear, remorse, and regrets. Individuals have endangered their lives
MA 2
hoping to keep the lives of those that they love from the implication of their fears. Fighting our
problems is a challenging task. At times, people end up giving up and giving in for the issues
affecting them. The effect leads to living unfulfilled lives. In reference to the movie, Kathy must
fight the monster within herself.
What your research paper will add:
The research aims to answer the following questions.
1.
What are the typical fears manifested in the film and exist in the current society?
2.
How to classify the fears for easier understanding
3.
What is the impact of fear in the lives of those surrounding us?
4.
What are the ways to fight the fear?
Types of Research:
The chief research method is a critical review and analysis of the film ‘the monster’. The
study will first review and analyze the characters involved, their traits, background, and impact
on the film. Based on the roles identified, the study will evaluate the relation between the
characters activities and the hypothesis of the study. Next, the review will identify instances
where individuals portray fear, and the consequences of their actions. In the second stage of the
study, literature concerning the topic will be reviewed to provide different perspectives on the
topic. Using journals, academic sources, and websites as a source of data, the research will
evaluate the current practices and behavioral practices related to the topic.
Conclusion:
The long-term goal of the research is to develop a clear and concise approach to the
management of fear. Managing our fears revolves around the process of identifying, classifying,
and defining ways to solve the problems in our lives. The objective of the current study is to
MA 3
provide a comprehensive review of the literature as well as practices relative to solving fears and
provide a framework for fear management. The following are sub-objectives of the research.
1.
Provide a comprehensive review of the film and instances manifested by fear.
2.
To develop methods of classifying fears for easier analysis, and understanding.
3.
To review the current practices and activities in the society exhibited by fear.
4.
Provide a framework to solve fears.
The outcomes of the study will be valuable to individuals struggling with addiction, fears,
and medical practitioners entitled to care for patients. The study will be an active tool for
healthcare professionals and the public (Phillips & John. P. 604).
MA 4
Work Cited
“Taming the monsters: Helping kids deal with their fears.” Paediatrics & child health vol. 6,3
(2001): 165-8.
Annas, George J., and Sherman Elias. “Thalidomide and the Titanic: reconstructing the
technology tragedies of the twentieth century.” American journal of public health 89.1
(1999): 98-101.
Phillips, John. “On the Obstetrics of Dicephalous Monsters: With the History and Dissection of
a Case.” Edinburgh Medical Journal 33.7 (1888): 604.
The Monster | Official Trailer HD | A24. (2016, October 6). Retrieved from

Merve Nur Basoglu
Amy E. Leonard
EWRT 2
De Anza College
November 21, 2018
Essay #3 – Source List
Source List
Research Question:
Do state of the art techniques in science today offer answers to the legal
and ethical dilemmas of genetic modifications in humans?
Anthes, Emily. Frankenstein’s Cat: Cuddling Up to Biotech’s Brave New Beasts. Scientific
American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013.
Rating: 19
Reading Level: 8th grade
Category: Academic, peer-reviewed source
Note: As the basis of discussion for our class, its introduction would nicely serve as an
attention grabber for my essay. Also, I may be able to utilize some examples from the
book.
BAI Beacon – Family and Community Services. “The Role of Genetics: Will I get Alzheimer’s
disease?” Alzheimer’s Prevention Registry, 1 June 2017, www.endalznow.org/news/therole-genetics-will-i-get-alzheimers-disease. Accessed 4 Nov. 2018.
Rating: 14
Reading Level: College (13th grade)
Category: Credible website
Note: Alzheimer’s Prevention Register is a respectable organization fighting the
Alzheimer’s disease. The article points at the role of genetics in the disease, which would
serve as evidence for my essay.
Baylis, Francoise. “Opinion: Genome Editing of Human Embryos Broadens Ethics Discussions.”
The Scientist, 10 Oct. 2017, www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/opinion-genomeediting-of-human-embryos-broadens-ethics-discussions-30768. Accessed 14 Nov. 2018.
Rating: 20
Reading Level: College (13th grade)
Category: Newsmagazine article
Note: Francoise Baylis is a well-known bioethicist. She highlights the thin boundary
between what is morally right and wrong.
Bekoff, Marc. “Humanity in the Age of Frankenstein’s Cat (Op-Ed).” Live Science, 15 Nov.
2013, www.livescience.com/41265-is-animal-bioengineering-ethical.html. Accessed 16
Oct. 2018.
Rating: 19
Reading Level: College (13th grade)
Category: Newsmagazine article
Note: A critic of bioengineering, Marc Bekoff, cautions that bioengineering might go
wild and lead to scientific and ethical disasters.
Donohoue, Paul D., Rodolphe Barrangou, and Andrew P. May. “Advances in Industrial
Biotechnology using CRISPR-Cas Systems.” Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 36, no. 2,
2018, pp. 134-146. ProQuest, http://ezproxy.fhda.edu/login?url=https://ezproxy.fhda.edu:
2187/docview/2007534523?accountid=38235, doi:http://ezproxy.fhda.edu:2096/10.1016/
j.tibtech.2017.07.007.
Rating: 20
Reading Level: College graduate (17th grade)
Category: Academic, peer-reviewed source
Note: This recently-published article gives details on the latest developments surrounding
CRISPR, the leading technology that allows genetic modifications today.
Doudna, Jennifer. “How CRISPR lets us edit our DNA.” TED. Sept. 2015. Lecture.
Rating: 17
Reading Level: College (13th grade)
Category: Primary source
Note: As the co-inventor of CRISPR, she is the primary source on the subject of genetic
modifications. She is also one of the most authoritative sources on the subject with both
her scientific knowledge and ethical consideration of its applications.
Enriquez, Juan. “We can reprogram life. How to do it wisely.” TED. Nov. 2015. Lecture.
Rating: 14
Reading Level: 7th grade
Category: Choice source
Note: As a proponent of freedom of choice, Juan Enriquez gives reasonable arguments
for allowing genetic modifications in both humans and other living organisms.
Glass, Zachary, et al. “Engineering the Delivery System for CRISPR-Based Genome
Editing.” Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 36, no. 2, 2018, pp. 173-185. ProQuest,
http://ezproxy.fhda.edu/login?url=https://ezproxy.fhda.edu:2187/docview/2007534593?a
ccountid=38235, doi:http://ezproxy.fhda.edu:2096/10.1016/j.tibtech.2017.11.006.
Rating: 20
Reading Level: College (14th grade)
Category: Academic, peer-reviewed source
Note: This recent article discusses the various delivery methods available for CRISPR
gene modification technology. While the different methods themselves seem to be too
detailed for my paper, the challenges described offer an insight into the scientific and
medical considerations that need to be taken into account. Furthermore, the paper
provides details on recent human trials.
Heidari, Raheleh, et al. “CRISPR and the Rebirth of Synthetic Biology.” Science & Engineering
Ethics, vol. 23, no. 2, Apr. 2017, pp. 351-363. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s11948-0169768-z.
Rating: 20
Reading Level: College (14th grade)
Category: Academic, peer-reviewed source
Note: This article provides a good overview of the ethical discussions surrounding the
use of CRISPR. In particular, it discusses the stances of various governmental and nongovernmental organizations.
National Breast Cancer Foundation. 1991-2018, www.nationalbreastcancer.org/.
Rating: 14
Reading Level: 11th grade
Category: Credible website
Note: The National Breast Cancer Foundation (NBCF) is another respectable
organization fighting a disease with strong ties to genetic mutations, cancer. It provides a
good amount of information on breast cancer, which is one of the most commonly
occurring forms of cancer. Furthermore, I may be able to use the story of the NBCF’s
founder, Janelle Hail, as a testament to how far science has advanced.
Ossareh, Tandice. “Would You Like Blue Eyes with That? A Fundamental Right to Genetic
Modification of Embryos.” Columbia Law Review, vol. 117, no. 3, Apr. 2017, pp. 729766. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.fhda.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
direct=true&db=bsh&AN=122621594&site=ehost-live.
Rating: 20
Reading Level: College graduate (16th grade)
Category: Academic, peer-reviewed source
Note: This is an excellent discussion of genetic modifications in humans from legal
standpoint with arguments both for and against. My essay would certainly benefit from a
legal analysis.
Vidyasagar, Aparna. “What Is CRISPR?” Live Science, 20 Apr. 2018, www.livescience.com/
58790-crispr-explained.html. Accessed 7 Nov. 2018.
Rating: 19
Reading Level: 12th grade
Category: Newsmagazine article
Note: This news article discusses both the science and ethics of CRISPR.
Liu 1
Yang Liu
Professor Leonard
EWRT 2
De Anza Community College
November 21, 2018
Source List with CARS Scores
1. Frankenstein’s Cat
CARS score: 18
Readability level: 56.3
Quote: “As for wisdom of repugnancy, a knot in the throat or a pit in the stomach may
suggest the we’re approaching dangerous territory, that we need to consider our actions
carefully” (Anthes 50).
Summary: This article gives an example of what a leader is expected to initiate in the society,
which can be very beneficial to both the surrounding as well as the people around.
Note: This source is important because it talks about how leaders should initiate their changes
that can be useful to the surrounding.
Work cited
Anthes, Emily. “Frankenstein’s Cat: Cuddling up To Biotech’s Brave New Beasts.” Scientific
American/Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013.
2. Leadership meta-competencies
CARS score: 15
Readability level: 48.2
Liu 2
Quote: “Economics and Business where she researches strategic leadership and existential
thinking” (Bourantas 5).
Summary: The book generally talks about different aspects of leadership competence that are
necessary in order to have a successful organization.
Note: this paper is important in that to tries to show people the leadership competence that
have been forgotten and needs to be rekindled for a successful business.
Work cited
Bourantas, D., and Vasia A. “Leadership meta-competencies: Discovering hidden virtues.”
Routledge, 2016.
3. Critical Thinking
CARS score: 15
Readability level: 46.78
Quote: “It entails the principled application of inductive reasoning: seeking strong
justifications for conclusions based on careful observations and extrapolations” (Chatfield
103).
Summary: This article identifies what level of evolution judgement should be applied by a
leader to ensure that he or she runs an organization effectively.
Note: This source is interesting because it gives an insight of the ability of a leader to engage
in reflective and independent thinking.
Work cited
Chatfield, Tom. “Critical Thinking: Your Guide to Effective Argument, Successful Analysis
and Independent Study”. SAGE Publications, 2018.
Liu 3
4. Action Learning
CARS score: 21
Readability level: 59.5
Quote: “Professional competencies related to management of organizations and the present
problems that affect society and require new strategies, and teaching innovation using actionoriented methods,” (Da Silva 211)
Summary: The book provides a comprehensive insight of Executive Education on leadership
skills that can be learnt for one to have the good and unique leadership qualities with regards
to the Executive Management.
Note: the book interesting because it tries to explain that despite advances in management
there are still organizations that focus on other interests over and beyond the needs and
expectations of the people they serve.
Work cited
Da Silva, A. B. “Action Learning: Lecturers, Learners, and Managers at the Center of
Management Education in Brazil.” Human Centered Management in Executive
Education. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2016. 209-221.
5. Leadership Competencies for Effective Public Administration
CARS score: 18
Readability level: 54.9
Quote: “Public administrative service occupies a strategic position in the public governance
system of any nation” (Gupta et al, 103).
Liu 4
Summary: Contemporary public administration needs competent public managers who are
able to make sense of the ambiguity inherent in the job. This study presents an attempt to
identify important competencies needed for public administrators (specifically District
Magistrates in India, a peak leadership role in the public service).
Note: The study identified eight competencies, namely people first; leading others; integrity;
decision-making; planning, coordination and implementation; problem-solving; selfawareness and self-control; and innovative thinking.
Work cited
Gupta, V., Sanjeev C., and Ram K., K. “Leadership Competencies for Effective Public
Administration: A Study of Indian Administrative Service Officers.” Journal of Asian
Public Policy 11.1 (2018): 98-120.
6. An Integrative Framework for Global Leadership Competency
CARS score: 17
Readability level: 49.1
Quote: “Developing excellent global leaders should be an urgent priority of companies in the
global business world” (Kim et al, 242).
Summary: The purpose of this article is to create a theory-based integrative framework that
can be used to identify the competencies comprising global leadership. To accomplish this
purpose, an integrative literature review was employed on competency theory and global
leadership, resulting in the development of an integrative framework for global leadership
competency.
Note: The framework, with three levels and four dimensions, established in this article
contributes to corporations in providing a means of developing company-specific models of
Liu 5
global leadership competency. Also discussed are implications for future human resource
development research and theory building.
Work cited
Kim, J., and Gary N. McLean. “An Integrative Framework for Global Leadership
Competency: Levels and Dimensions.” Human Resource Development
International 18.3 (2015): 235-258.
7. Leadership
CARS score: 17
Readability level: 48.7
Quote: “To illustrate the trait approach and to help you understand how the trait approach can
be used in making decisions in an organization settings” (Northouse, 32).
Summary: Include models of leadership, leadership assessment, ethical leadership, and
leadership and group dynamics. He has worked as a consultant in a variety of areas,
including leadership development, leadership education, conflict management, and
health communication.
Note: It is thoughtful, well organized and a good general survey of leadership styles. I have
also found it very balanced in the presentation of each leadership style, simply stating
the precepts and the challenges with each style.
Work cited
Northouse, P. G. Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage publications, 2018.
8. Transformational Leadership and Contextual Performance
CARS score: 14
Liu 6
Readability level: 42.6
Quote: “IT organizations may take clues from the findings of the study for creating conducive
working environment where affective organizational commitment can influence the
CP and job satisfaction” (Pradhan et al, 456).
Summary: Transformational leaders engage their employees’ self-concept in such a
meaningful way that it results in an extra effort exerted by employees in addition to
what is expected of them.
Note: The purpose of this paper is to empirically investigate the influence of transformational
leadership (TL) on employees’ contextual performance (CP).
Work cited
Pradhan, S., Lalatendu K. J., and Pratishtha B. “Transformational Leadership and Contextual
Performance: Role of Integrity among Indian IT Professionals.” International Journal
of Productivity and Performance Management 67.2 (2018): 445-462.
9. The Unbearable Heaviness of Leadership
CARS score: 18
Readability level: 55.3
Quote: “Transformational leadership, entrepreneurial competence, and technical competence
of owner-managers have a positive, significant and substantial impact on the success
of SMEs” (Sanchez et al, 191).
Summary: It is interesting in that it shows research interests focus on ethical decision making,
pro-social consumer behaviour, social and cultural impacts in business, and
advertising creativity.
Liu 7
Note: The interesting part of it is that it proves that competent women with more work
experience are less likely to aspire to leadership than men, while competent women
with less work experience are more likely to aspire to leadership than men. The more
women associate leadership with negative aspects, the less they aspire to leadership,
compared with men. For both, the less competent they think they are to be leaders, the
less they want to be leaders.
Work cited
Sánchez, Carol M., and Kevin L. “The Unbearable Heaviness of Leadership: The Effects of
Competency, Negatives, and Experience on Women’s Aspirations to
Leadership.” Journal of Business Research 95 (2019): 182-194.
10. A Model of Hospitality Leadership Competency for Frontline and Director-Level
Managers
CARS score: 18
Readability level: 56.2
Quote: “The relative importance and competency priority for frontline and director-level
managers” (Shum et al, 59).
Summary: It talks about the additional leaps in technology as well as the educational level of
the new employees. It also expounds on the role of frontline employees and what is
expected of them, such as demonstration of hospitality intelligence.
Note: This part is interesting since it shows all the possible connections between the top
leaders and the other junior staff members. It further states that the executives stand a
position of shaping their follower’s behaviour.
Work cited
Liu 8
Shum, C., Anthony G., and Stowe S. “A Model Of Hospitality Leadership Competency For
Frontline And Director-Level Managers: Which Competencies Matter
More?” International Journal of Hospitality Management 74 (2018): 57-66.
Liu 9
Works Cited
Anthes, Emily. “Frankenstein’s Cat: Cuddling up To Biotech’s Brave New Beasts.” Scientific
American/Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013.
Bourantas, D., and Vasia A. “Leadership meta-competencies: Discovering hidden virtues.”
Routledge, 2016.
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