According to the assessment conducted regarding hospital emergency management, fire outbreak is considered to be the most common form of disaster in healthcare management. Since the healthcare industry has identified this issue, the sector has adopted several methods of preparedness and mitigation of the disaster to minimize its risks. In this case, most of the hospitals have adopted an Emergency Operation Plan (EOP) that guides a healthcare facility on how to respond an incident whenever it takes place in the setting as well as recover any hazard (Petinaux, 2009). The plan enables the healthcare facilities to comply with the Emergency Management Standards of the Joint Commission which apply the six critical elements that enhance the management of an incident. The items include communication, assets and resources, security and safety, staff responsibilities, utilities, and clinical support operations. These aspects as continuing to advance every year and appears to be more effective within one decade. The approaches that have been adopted in hospitals have increased the capabilities of the facilities to respond to various emergencies with varying scale, cause, and duration. The EOP is expected to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of responding to emergencies due to its features such as providing response procedures, capabilities, as well as the circumstances under which the community cannot support the hospital during emergencies. This indicates that the future of emergency management in hospitals will be bright even though the main challenge in emergency management is the aspect of funding.Currently, there is a close relationship between healthcare facilities and municipal authority in every state. Most of the healthcare facilities collaborate with municipal emergency management in times of crisis especially in cases of fire outbreaks. The Metropolitan Medical Response System (MMRS) programs have adopted a comprehensive process of emergency management of recipient cities. In this case, every municipality is needed to adopt a particular emergency management system, link the system with a jurisdictional Emergency Operations Center, promote mutual aid agreement among the neighboring communities, integrate the state and county agencies, as well as carry out a joint exercise, training, and planning issues regarding emergency management in a continuous basis. The MMRS programs adopted by the municipal emergency management enable the healthcare facilities to address the various problems regarding hazards through mitigation and recovery processes, though the metropolitan emphasizes on response and preparedness (Petinaux, 2009). The collaboration of the municipal emergency management with that of healthcare facilities is usually useful since every municipality has to carry out a full-scale exercise through the involvement of the federal system. The operations that are carried out meet the national level since the emergency management as to comply with the standards set for responding to hazards. Therefore, hospital emergency management should be folded into municipal emergency management rather than another hospital responsibility.ReferencesPetinaux, B. (2009). The financial burden of emergency preparedness on an urban, academic hospital. Prehospital and disaster medicine, 24(5), 372-375.150 Words APA style
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